Nellore is a city and headquarters of Sri Potti Sri Ramulu Nellore district, formerly Nellore district. It is the sixth most populous city in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. The ancient name of Nellore was "Vikrama Simhapuri".
Nellore is situated about 453 kilometres (281 mi) south east of Hyderabad, the state capital of Andhra Pradesh and about 173 kilometres (107 mi) north of Chennai on the Chennai-Kolkata national highway. It is located on the banks of the Penna river. Nellore is well known for its production of mica (gudur),Hand made gold jewellery,lemon,(gudur) and agricultural products such as rice and it is famous for temples like Sri Erukalala Parameswari Devi Temple known as Simhapuri(Nellore) Gramadevatha,Ranganathaswamy temple, Narasimha Swamy Konda, Jonnavada Kamakshi Ammavari temple, Ayyappa Temple, Golagamudi Venkaya Swami Temple, Rajarajeswari temple, PenchalaKona. Nellore is also known for aquaculture. It is one of the fastest developing cities in Andhra Pradesh.